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Snow Emergency

Sec. 70-14. Parking during snow emergencies regulated.

(a)   The decision to declare a snow emergency shall be the responsibility of the street superintendent or his designee. The declaration of a snow emergency will occur when three inches or more of snow is forecasted or three inches have fallen, or as conditions warrant. Notice will be given to the police department and to the same Madison news outlets that the StoughtonAreaSchool District uses for school closings. Notice will also be posted on the street department web site and local cable TV.


(b)   During a snow emergency declaration, no vehicle shall be parked on any street between 12:00midnight and 8:00 a.m., except in accordance with the terms of this section.


(c)   During a snow emergency declaration, vehicles shall park only on the even side of the street on even-numbered days, and on the odd side of the street on odd-numbered days. Parking between 12:00midnight and 8:00 a.m. shall be prohibited on the opposite (other) side.


(d)   The last digit of the house numbers for that street shall determine the even or odd side of a particular street.


(e)   Where a street block, or a portion of that block, has a "No Parking At Any Time" or "No Parking 3:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m." restriction on one side, that restriction shall supersede the limitations of this section. The even/odd number restriction shall still apply to the opposite side of these streets.


(f)   The parking restrictions of this section shall begin at 12:00midnight after the most recent snow emergency has been declared and remains in effect until three consecutive 12:00 midnight to 8:00 a.m. periods have elapsed or the emergency is canceled or extended.


(g).   The forfeiture for a violation of this section shall be $30.00 or as set by the common council by ordinance or resolution from time to time. In addition, any vehicle, which remains unmoved 24 hours after issuance of a citation, shall be towed at the owner's expense. The police department will provide vehicle information to the towing company.

(Code 1986, § 7.07; Ord. No. 0-39-03, § 1, 10-14-2003)




Sec. 64-13. Snow and ice removal

(a)     The occupant or owner of any lot or parcel abutting on a public sidewalk shall remove therefrom by 9 a.m. on the second day following a snowfall, all snow, dirt, rubbish or refuse matter, and sprinkle ice with a material to prevent slipping. (For example: a snowfall occurs on Monday, the occupant or owner would have until 9 a.m. Wednesday).  If the occupant or owner does not comply with this section, the street commissioner may cause the work to be done and the expense reported to the city clerk, who shall annually enter such expense on the tax roll as a special tax against the lot or parcel of land. The owner or occupant shall also be subject to a forfeiture for each violation of this section, with penalties as set forth in § 1-3. Each day a violation continues shall constitute a separate violation.


(b)     No snow or ice removed from private property shall be deposited in the public ways in areas expected to be cleared by the city. This would include, but would not be limited to, pushing snow or ice across a public roadway or sidewalk; pushing or carrying and depositing snow or ice on a public way expected to be maintained for pedestrian or vehicular traffic; and the blowing or throwing of snow or ice onto a pedestrian or vehicular area. Violation of any of these provisions may result in a municipal forfeiture action against the property owner or occupant initiated by citation, punishable by a forfeiture of $25.00 per day plus court costs. Each day may be considered a separate violation. If the occupant or owner does not comply with this section, the street commissioner may cause the work to be done and the expense reported to the city clerk who shall annually enter such expense on the tax roll as a special tax against the lot or parcel of land.


Save Money—Use Less Salt This Winter


Salt and sand contribute greatly to lake and stream pollution. Once it’s spread on parking lots, streets, sidewalks and driveways, it’s on its way to the nearest lake or stream and cannot be recovered. Fifty pounds of salt (one large bag) can pollute 10,000 gallons of water—which is equivalent to one teaspoon in a five-gallon bucket of water. Municipalities are working to cut salt use while still keeping streets safe. So, let’s all save money this winter with these helpful tips and help the lakes and streams at the same time.


  • Always use a shovel first, especially if the pavement temperature is 32°F or more—don’t waste money on deicers.
  • Reserve deicers for ice, not snow.


  • All salt is not created equal. Various types of deicers perform differently at different temperature ranges. The most common and cheapest is sodium chloride (“rock salt”), but doesn’t work when the pavement is colder than 15°F. Magnesium chloride and calcium chloride cost more, but you’ll use less and it works in colder temps.


  • Consider getting a pavement thermometer (~$30) to help determine pavement temperatures, which can vary widely depending on how much sun shines on your driveway.
  • Measure your sidewalk and driveway so you know how much you need. A general guideline is to use 1-3 cups of salt per 1,000 square feet. Don’t waste money by using more than is needed.
  • Consider applying liquid salt to the pavement before the storm and shovel a little while it’s snowing. After the storm, shovel before using any salt. Often, you won’t need any. Use deicers on ice, don’t waste it on snow.
  • You can use 30% less if you wet your salt with some water before applying it.
  • While salt is sometimes mixed with sand to keep the sand from freezing into a solid block, it’s not a good idea to use both at the same time on your sidewalk. The salt will melt the ice, but if it refreezes, the sand can be frozen below the surface where it can’t do any good. Choose one or the other. Try removing the ice by hand first before using either sand or salt.
  • If you have an area that tends to ice up, consider making it a priority to remedy next summer so you won’t need to deice in the future.


Caveat Emptor! (Buyer beware!)


Read the label so you know exactly what you are spending your hard-earned cash on. If the bag doesn’t say otherwise, it’s probably sodium chloride, but you’re better off using something that says exactly what’s in the bag. Some products claiming to be “green” are simply chloride compounds. You can always ask for the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the product—it will show percentages so that you can see if you are paying for pretty packaging of rock salt. And while you’re reading, be sure to follow the application rates. You need much less of some products than others, so be sure not to waste by over applying.


Labeled as:

Works Down to:

Approximate Cost


Calcium Chloride


$35 for 50 pounds

Use much less than rock salt, chloride impacts; may damage concrete

Magnesium Chloride


$30-$35 for 50 pounds; $15-$20 for 20 pounds

less toxic than calcium chloride and less damaging to concrete and pavement, but may corrode metals over time

Sodium Chloride (“rock salt”)


$6 for 25 pound bag

Chloride impacts

Calcium Magnesium Acetate (CMA)

25 °F

$20 for 50 pounds

No chlorides; less toxic

Potassium Chloride


~20 times more than rock salt

need to use more than rock salt; works slower than calcium chloride, safer on concrete


No melting effect

$5 for a 20 lb bag

Not a deicer; for traction only; do not use with salt; accumulates in streets, lakes and streams; needs to be swept up, easily tracked into buildings


Urea and Amide/Glycol are other deicing products that are chloride free and touted as pet/kid/environmentally friendly, but generally are not as effective as chlorides. However, when combined with shoveling first, can be a useful alternative.